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Andhra Pradesh Information

Andhra Pradesh is situated on the Southern Eastern coast of India.  It is the fourth largest state and its area is about 3 Lakhs sq.kms.  It places fifth position in its population which is about 8 crores.  Andhra is a home for Telugu speaking people.  Its capital is Hyderabad.  It is a hot land with a temperature shooting up to 45°c with humidity in the peak months of summers.  The best season to visit this place is between November and March.

History

History can be traced back to a thousand years before the birth of Christ.  Once upon a time, it was a home land of Attreya Brahmins.  It was the part of a kingdom of Chandra Gupta Maurya and the Ashoka Emperor.  After the death of Ashoka, Satavahana became the hero of Andhra.  He built up the kingdom in 2nd century BC.  Andhra is originally an Aryan race living in North India, migrated to the South of the Vindhya and mixed up with the Non Aryans who are living there.

The Satavahanas ruled for 450 years in Andhra from 225 BC onwards.  The Ikshabaku kings, who were ruling under Satavahanas, declared their independence and made Vijayapuri as their capital when the Pallavas were ruling in the South.  Their trade relations were extended with their Far East Asia and spread their Buddhist religion to Europe.  The Pulakesin II defeated the Pallava raja MahendraVarman and the Chalukyas built up their own kingdom in 615.  During the reign of Goutami Putra Sastkarani  (106-130)AD the empire expanded the authority over Maharashtra, Konhan in the north, Gujarat, Kathiawar and even up to Malwa.  The kingdom slipped into the grasp of the Chola kings of the South in the 10th century.  The Kakatiyas of Warangal became the rulers of Andhra in the 12thcentury.  The Hindu king of Vijayanagar occupied Andhra then. 

 There was a conflict between the Hindu and Muslim rulers to control the states and after Prata Paruda II.  The Qutab Shahi dynasty was established in Golconda.  The modern city of Hyderabad foundation was laid by Qutabshahis.  The Mugal Emperor, Aurangazeb, later rounded the Qutab shahis and made Asaf Jahas as the governor of Deccan.  Later the Asaf Jahis made themselves rulers the title of Nizam.  The Mogal rulers became very weak.  Nizams were involved in the Anglo French wars and they enter into the alliance with the British in 1800.

The Telugu speaking areas were separated from the Madras and a new Andhra state came into being on October 1953.  With the enforcement of the state reorganization act, 1959, there was a merges of the Hyderabad state with the Andhra state and Andhra Pradesh came into being.

Location

The state of Andhra lies in the East of the Bay of Bengal.  Karnataka lies in the West.  Tamil Nadu is in the South and Orissa in the North East.

Economy

The occupation of 70% of people in this state is agriculture.  The 40% of cultivated land produces rice, jawas, bajra, maize, ragi, small millets, pulses, tobacco, cotton, sugar cane ground nut and bananas.  The total production of castor is about 60% and Virginia tobacco is of 95 percentage.

It produces abundant quality of asbestos.  90% of barytos in our country comes from here only.  It has copper ore, manganese, mica, coal and lime stone mines.  Hyderabad and Vishaka patnam are well known for the production of machine tools, synthetic drugs, pharmaceuticals, heavy electrical machineries, ships, fertilizers, electronic equipments, aeronautical parts, chemicals, cement, asbestos and glass.

Museums

Salar jung Museum, Archaeological Museum, Khajana buildings Museum, Yelleshwaram Museum, Prince Azmatajah Museum and Sri Venkateshwara University museum are some of the famous museums in this state.

Andhra Pradesh Tourism

Andhra Pradesh Pilgrim Centers

Ahobilam

This temple has nine forms of Lord Narasimhan.

Bhadrachalam

It has a temple of Ramachandra.

Kalahasti

Kalahasteshwara is worshipped as a Vayu Lingam here.

Kolanupaka

It is a Mahavira Jain temple

Mantralayam

The jeeva samathi of Mantralayam Saint Raghavendra swamy is here.

Putta Parthi

It is Sathya sai babha’s Prasanthi  Nilayam.

Simhachalam

It is a temple of Narasimhaswamy.

Vijaya vada kanaka

It is a famous Durga temple.

Yadagirigutta

It is the shrine of the lord of Light.  This temple is situated on the hillock near Hyderabad in NagalConda district.  The lord of here is in three forms.  They are manifested into Gandhabherunda, Yogananda and Jwala.  The reigning deity Lakxmi Narayanaswamy is enriched at a height of 178Km.  The majestic five storeyed gopuram and the Vaikunta Dwaram are very impressive.

Nacharam

It is very close to Hyderabad in the Medak district.  It has an ancient Laxmi Narasimha Swamy temple.  The tourist department of this state runs a tourist complex here. 

Tirupathi

Thirupathi is the world famous and most sacred oldest shrines in our country.  It is also a richest shrine in this state.  It lies at the foot hill of Thirumala.  Thirupathi is said to be the abode of ’Lord of Seven hills’.  It represents the seven heads of the Shasha Naga on which Lord Vishnu rests.  The temple is situated on the top of a 250 feet peak.

There is a mention of the temple in puranas, Shastras and other ancient Hindu Epics.  The temple with its soaring Gopurams and glided Vimanam is a fine example for Dravidian Architecture.  Tiruttani is another shrine which is about 60 km from Thirupathi.  It has 360 steps to reach the top.  There is Shri Govindha Raja Swami temple and the sacred Kapila Theertha tank where Shiva gave Dharsan to Kapil Muni.  Sri Mangapuram of Goddess Alemelumanngai who was the consort of Lord Venkateshwara is about 12km from here.

Hyderabad

It is the capital city of Andhra Pradesh.  The Qutub Shahi dynasty laid its foundation in the14th century.  It is a beautiful city with mosques, palaces, forts, museums, lakes and house lined busy bazaars.  Mohammed Qutub Shah the fourth king of Golconda built his new capital on the bank of the Musi river for the love of his beautiful Hindu wife Bhagmathi upon whom he had conferred the title of Hyder Mahal.  Hyderabad was named after her.  Charminar offer visitors pearls, jewellery, carpets, glass bangles, sandalwood toys, decorated metal works, etc.

Charminar

Charminar was built by the founder Mohamad Quli qutab shah to perpetuate the memory of his wife.  It was erected in 1591 as an expression of joy and gratitude.  Its four minarets at the corner rise to a height of 56 meters.

Salar Jung Museum

Salar Jung Museum is believed to be the best in Asia.  It is a unique collection of art objects.  Persian Carpets, Mugal miniatures, Chinese Porcelain, Japanese lacquer ware, Superb collection of Jade, daggers and other belonging to the Mugal emperors and empress Norjehan are housed in this museum.

Golconda Fort

In Telugu language Golconda means Sheperd’s Hill.  It belonged to the Yadhava dynasty of Deogiri and the Kakatiyas of the Warrangal.  It was originally a mud Fort, but was rebuilt by Shahi kings.  The fort is well known for acoustics, factories, palaces, water supply and the Rahban cannon.  A clap made in this grand portico can be heard in the Durbashall.  Golconda was also once famous of its fabulous diamonds and the renowned diamond Kohinoor was unearthed from this region only.

Mecca Masjid

The colossial Masjid is one of the largest in the world.  It was built with the bricks from Mecca.  It is located at a place some 100 yards south west of Charminar.  King Abdullah Qutub Shah started to build it in 1614 AD.  He was not able to complete it.  Aurangazeb had to do the job in 1964.  The Masjid had a huge hall of 67 meters long which has a height of 54 meters.  A number of arches support its roof.  It can accommodate 10,000 devotees at one time who come for Namaz.  We can see the graves of the members of the Royal families on one side.

Qutub Shahi Tomb

This tomb lie one km North of Golconda Forts.  It is one of the oldest monuments built by Qutub Shahis.  They stand on a raised platform in a square base with arches and gardens surrounding them.

Public Gardens

Hyderabad has many beautiful gardens; they give an insight into the architecture of Asaf Jahi days.  It encloses the state legislature, the state Archaeological museum, jubilee hall, Jawahar Bal Bhavan and Telugu Lalitha Kala Thoranam.

Lord Venkateshwara temple

This white marble temple of the Lord floats on the sky line on the Kalapahad.  The idol is a replica of the one at Tirupathi.

Birla Planetarium

It is a most modern planetarium.  It is a most modern Planetarium.  The first of its kind in India based on advanced technology from Japan.  It is adjacent to Kala Pahad.  

Oswan Sagar

It is a jewel like lake formed by building a dam on river Musi to keep regular supply of water to Hyderabad.  This Sagar provides beautiful gardens around the lake.  So it became a beautiful and famous picnic spot.

Hussain Sagar

This lake was formed in 1562 AD.  It divides Secundarabad from Hyderabad.  This sagar provides boating and Water sports facilities.  Lord Buddha’s 350 tonne monolithic statue stands on the rock of Gibraltor in the middle of the lake.  Its height is about16 meters tall.

Osmania University

This is an important centre of learning in the south which was founded in 1918.  Urudhu and some other Indian languages are used here

Andhra Pradesh state Museum

This exhibits the rich culture and archaeological heritage of the state.  It projects Paleolithic, Neolithic and Megalithic remains, pottery of ancient remains, Buddhist idols and ancient inscriptions.

Ramoji Film city

 It is on the out skirts of Hyderabad, which is a film city.  It spreads over an area of 200 acres.

HI- Tech city

This is the cyber capital of South India.

Warrangal

This ancient city is situated on the North East of Hyderabad.  It was the capital of the Kakatiya rulers in the 12th and 13th century.  This is famous for the birth place of the saint poet Pothana who produced ‘Bhagawatham’ a classical work.  The city is famous for its grand architecture.

  The thousand pillar temple was built in Chalukyan style on the slopes of HananaKonda hill.  It was dedicated to Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu and the Sun.  It has 300 pillared Mandapam in the middle, surrounded by elephants built by cutting rocks and a beautifully carved Nandhi in the front.  The ceilings have been adorned with scenes from epics.

  Mud Brick Fort

This fort was built by the Kakatiya ruler during the13th century by Ganapathi Devi.

Vijayawada

Vijayawada is famous for many sites of ancient Buddhist remains.  It is on the banks of river Krishna.  The town Amaravathi is noted for its elegant architectural and sculptural remains of Buddhist origin.  It is 96km away from here.

The Mogalaja puram caves have three temples built in the 5th century AD having idols of Natraja Vinayaka and others.

Law son beaches, Ram Krishna Mission beach, Mount Kailas, Srivenkateshwara Konda are some of the important places to visit.

Vishaka patnam is the most modern ship yard and an industrial town with fine beaches and beautiful coutry side with thick wooded Hills and water valleys surrounding it.

The town is named after the God of Valour, Vaisaka.  It has a 174m high cliff Dolphin’s nose.  It is capped by a powerful light house which can be seen from a distance of 64 km in the sea.  The Rose hill, Darga Konda and Sri Venkateshwara Konda are some of the interesting places to visit from here.

Bhadrachalam

Bhadrachalam has been adopted Maharishi Bhadra who received the blessings of Lord Rama.  The town has Sri Seetha RamaChandra Swamy temple.  Every year on Ramanavami day a festival is held to witness the marriage ceremony of Lord Rama and Sita

Vishaka Utsav, Mahara Shankaranthi, Deccan festival, Maha Shivarathiri, Chandanyatra Jayanthi, Batkamma festival, Moharrum, Ramzan and Ugadi are some of the important festivals celebrated here.

How to Reach

Air way

Indian Airlines, Jet Airways and Gujarat Airways are available from here.

Rail way

The rail routes are connected with Ajmer, Mumbai, Bangalore and some of the major cities in India.

Road Way

Andhra has well connected roads with all the major cities of India