Goa is a tinniest 25th state of the union. It is a tourist heaven attracting over 1 million visitors. Tourists visit both from within the country and abroad every year. It is well known for its dazzling palm fringed coast line. The fertile green palms are covered with cashew, mango and jack fruit groves. The state has forested hills which go up to the turn into the mountain ranges.
The state combines Old Portuguese architecture with Portuguese flavor to the life style of its people. Goa has been able to retain despite independence. The blending of two cultures is apparent everywhere. The Churches have the figures of Saints carved in it and they are Christian in subject but their faces are wholly Indian. Romantic sea beaches of Goa are an excellent tourist spots in India. The climate is very wonderful. No unbearable heat and sweating.
It has an admirable galaxy of deep blue seas round north to south. Goa offers the best of everything in good hotels, good food, good beaches and good sports. The plazas are splashed with bougainvillea. Visitors visit Goa in winter months. It observes harvest festival from August to November. Lord Ganesh is worshipped in Novidade.
Goa has Karnataka to its East and South. Arabian sea in the West and Maharashtra in the North. Goa has a coast line of 105 km opening into the Arabian Sea in the west.
Goa has a good weather around the year but monsoon months should be avoided.
History of Goa
Various centuries eyed Goa from the ancient times. Portuguese, Dutch, French and Britishers invaded Goa from time to time. This state has reference in Mahabharatha and Puranas. It was said to be the Queen of orient in ancient time. Goa was a part of Mauriyan Empire in the 3rd century BC. Then it was ruled by the Satavahanas of Kolhapur and then passed to the Chalukyas of Badami who ruled over it from 580-750 AD. Later Rashtrakutas grabbed it and reigned from 1008 AD to 1300 AD.
Then the states went under the control of Yadavas of Devagiri, Delhi Sultans, Vijayanagar rulers, Bahmani Sultans of Gulbarga and later add Shahis of Bijapur.
Goa had been the envy of Portuguese, Arab bankers, jews, merchants and venetians. A Brazilian adventure came to Goa in 1700 in the guise of man and fought alongside Portuguese against Marathas. She was found out when wounded and later married the captain of the fort. When Vasco-da-gama discovered the sea route of India many Portuguese expeditions came to India.
They found it very difficult to reach India as the Arabs who controlled the sea lanes of Arabian Sea opposed them. Alfonso De Albuquerque, with the help of Vijayanagar emperor, attacked and captured Goa in 1510.They had tried to find a foot hold on the Malabar Coast and expand their trade in spices. With the arrival of Jesuit Saint Francisco Xavier in 1542 began the conversion of Hindus to Christianity.
Albuquerque did not face any resistance when he entered Goa from Adil Sahi. Sultan Usuf Adil Sahi of Bijapur chased him from there after three months. The Portuguese again attacked Goa and defeated the Sultan and occupied old Goa. They captured Bardej and Salset Talukas. In 1534 Diu and 1559 Daman came under their control. They defeated the Dutch and peace with the Britishers through the convention of Goa Agreement of 1462.
The Portuguese built forts along the sea coast and churches and demolished the temples that stood by the rivers. The temples are found now in the interior amidst paddy fields or forests. The temples bear the influence of Cathedral culture. Even their names reflect the blending of the East and West.
Shanthi Durga temple is also called as Xanta Durga. The Portuguese continued to rule over the territory except for a brief period during the latter half of the 17th century when Shivaji conquered areas around Goa.