India has a variety of climatic conditions from torrid to arctic. The natural and varied vegetation varies from region to region. India’s total land is covered by forests. It is slightly more than 22 percent. It has eight floristic regions. The Western Himalayas, the Eastern Himalayas, The Gangetic plain, the Deccan, Malabar and the Andaman. The country can be divided into five major vegetation regions. They are as follows:
The Ever Green Forests
These forests are found in areas where the rainfall ranges from 200- 300cm like the Himalayas and the Western ghats. Teak, Rose wood, Ebony and bamboo are grown well here.
The dry thorn forests
These forests are found in Rajasthan deserts and parts of Punjab, where the annual rainfall is between 75 and 200cm.
Monsoon or deciduous forests
These forests receive a rainfall of about 150-200 cm. Deccan plateau, parts of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka are the places where teak, Sal and Sandal wood is grown.
Tidal forests are found in the coastal plains which are submerged in river deltas on the East coast, the Ganga , the Mahanadhi and the Godavari. They are called as sundarbans in Bengal.
The outer most Himalayas are covered with the tropical and most deciduous vegetation of teak, Sal and rose wood trees. Oak, chest nut, beech and ash are found at higher attitude.
Pine, cedar, silver fir and spruce are grown from the ranges of about 1600 and 3300 meters. We can found Alphine vegetation above 3500 meters.