Kalburgi (Gulbarga) Information
Gulbarga is one of the important cities in Karnataka. It is the administrative headquarters of Gulbarga District. It was formerly part of Nizam's Hyderabad state. Gulbarga is 200 km from Hyderabad and 623 km north of Bangalore. The city of Kalburgi is the headquarters of the district which spreads over 16,224 sq km with a population of 31,24,858 as reported by the 2001 census. It is about 62 km from the present state capital Begalooru, Kalburgi which was kown as Kallubarge was the ancient capital of the Bhamini Sultans between 1347 AD and 1428 AD. The name of the city underwent a transformation under the Muslim rulers, and came to be known by the present name. The city has Raichur on its south and there are quite a few things to interest the tourists. The Chaya Bhagavathi Temple, the Fort, the Mosques and the Gulshan Gardens proffer copious enchantment. Kalburgi Univeristy is located here and the State Archaeological Museum is worth a visit. Besides, there are many modern temples here. Kalburgi lies in the route to Hyderabad of Andhra Pradesh from Bijapur, with the former being, 222km and the latter 159km away. Hence buses plying between these two places also go to Kalburgi. There are busses from Raichur too. However, it is linked with all the three places by rail.
Gulbarga is 613 km north of Bangalore and well connected by road to Bijapur, Hyderabad and Bidar. Train from southern part of India to Mumbai and Delhi passes through Gulbarga. The government has given green signal for airport. The Airport is under construction near a village called Srinivas Saradagi). Shri Kshetra Gangapur a well known pilgrimage place for devotees of God Shri Sadguru Dattarya is very close from Gulbarga. The climate of the district is generally dry with temperatures ranging from 5c to 45c and an annual rainfall of about 750mm. The entire district is situated in Deccan Plateau and the general elevation ranges from 300 to 750 meters above MSL.
Two main rivers, Krishna and Bhima, also flow in the district. The predominant type of soil found in the district is black soil. The district has a large number of tanks which in addition to the rivers irrigate the land. The Upper Krishna Project is major irrigational venture in the district. Jowar, groundnut, rice, and pulses are the main crops. Gulbarga is the highest producer of toor dal or pigeon pea in Karnataka. Gulbarga an industrially backward district is presently showing signs of growth in the Cement, textile, leather and chemical industries sectors. Gulbarga has a University with Medical and Engineering Colleges.
Gulbarg's old moated fort is in a much deteriorated state, but it has a number of interesting buildings inside including the Jama Masjid, reputed to have been built by a Moorish architect during the late 14th or early 15th century who imitated the great mosque in Cordoba, Spain. The mosque is unique in India, with a huge dome covering the whole area, four smaller ones at the corners, and 75 smaller still all the way around. The fort itself has 15 towers. Gulbarga also has a number of imposing tombs of Bahmani kings, a shrine to an important Muslim saint and the Sharana Basaveshwara Temple.
The weather in Gulbarga consists of three main seasons. The summer spans from late February to mid-June. It is followed by the southwest monsoon, which spans from late June to late September. It is then followed by dry winter weather until mid-January.
Temperatures during the different seasons are:
Summer : 37 to 46 °C
Monsoon: 25 to 37 °C
Winter : 12 to 32 °C
Chaya Bhagavathi Temple
This wonderful temple situated on the banks of the holy river Krishna, in Surpur taluk is dedicated to Goddess Chaya Bhagavathi the second consort of Sun God.
This massive fort here was built by Raja Gulchand. There are about 15 bastions to the fort. Spreads over an area of 38,000 sq ft stands the huge Jami Mosque inside the fort, built in the 14th century. This mosque is modelled on the famous mosque of Cardova in Spain.
The grand Moorish style is reflected in its construction. There are about 75 domes and four more, larger than these in four corners, and one central dome, the largest. Several conference halls can be seen in the fort which also encapsulates the tombs of Bhamini sultans and also those of the great Sufi Saint ‘Bandi Nawaz’ and Sharana Basappa. There are also other mosques to be seen.
It is situated in Afzalpur Taluk, about 651km from Bengalooru. This place became famous after the Saint Sri Narasimha Saraswathi who miraculously cured the Bhamini Sultan of an incurable serious boil, at a hand’s turn. This Saint was then reckoned as an ‘Avtar’ or incarnation of Lord Dattatreya. This sacred place is always busy with teeming devotees from Karnataka and Maharashtra.