Kolar district is a district in Karnataka state of India. The town of Kolar is the district headquarters. Kolar district is located in the southern region of the State and is the easternmost district of the Karnataka State. The district is bounded by the Bangalore Rural district in the west Chikballapur district in the north, Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh in the east and on the south by Krishnagiri and Vellore district of Tamil Nadu.
About 72km from Bengalooru, on the bational highway which links Bengalooru with Chennai, the district headquarters Kolar is the place known in the olden times as Kuvalalapura. This historic city was the first capital of the Gangas. The Kambilis, as are called the beautiful blankets of Kolar, have a wide acclaim. The district spreads over an area of 4,123 sq km with a population of 13,74,399 (2001 census).
‘Goddess mahishasuramardini’ who killed the demon Mahishasura, is worshiped in the name of Goddess Kolaramma in the famous temple known as the Kolaramma Temple. The Goddess is considered as one of the seven mother s installed here. There are also other wonderful temples dedicated to Lord Someswara, Lord Anjaneya, Lord Nanjundeswara. Lord Kodhandarama and Lord Venkataramana.
Some of Hyder Ali’s relatives were laid to rest at Makbara. About 3 km from Lolar ther is a sacred spot called Antaragange, on the scenic Kolar hill. There is a holy stream emerging gloriously from the mouth of a Nandi or the sacred bull of Lord Siva. This wonderful stream overwhelms the devotees with divine rapture.
On 10 September 2007, Kolar district was bifurcated to form the new district of Chikballapur. Due to the modern discovery of the Kolar Gold Fields, Kolar has become popularly known as the "Golden Land" of India.
Formerly, Kolar was known variously as Kolahala, Kuvalala and Kolala. Kolar was called Kolahalapura during the Middle Ages, but later came to be known as Kolar. Kolahahapura in Kannada meant "violent city", as it was the battlefield for the warring kingdoms of Chalukyas in the north and Cholas to the south. It was the capital of the Gangas until 4th century AD when they shifted the capital to Talakad in Mysore. In 1004 AD, the Cholas annexed Kolar until 1116 AD,. Vishnuvardhana (1108-1142 AD) freed Gangavadi from the Cholas, and in commemoration of his victory, built the celebrated Vijayanarayana Temple (Chennakesava Temple) at Belur.
The major and important temples in the town are Kolar amma Temple and Someshwara Temple. The Kolaramma temple is of Dravida Vimana style built in Ganga tradition in the 2nd century CE and dedicated to goddess Shakti. The temple was later renovated during the period of the teja arun Chola monarch Rajendra Chola I in the 10th century and Vijayanagara kings in the 15th century. Someswara Temple is a fine example of 14th century Vijayanagara art.
Kolar District is in the state of Karnataka, India and belongs to its semi-arid drought-prone region. It lies between 77° 21' to 78° 35' east longitude and 20° 46' to 130° 58' north latitude, extending over an area of 8,225 km². Kolar District is located in the southern region of the state and happens to be the easternmost district of the Karnataka State. The district is bounded by the Bangalore Rural district in the west Chikballapur district in the north, Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh in the east and on the south by Krishnagiri of Tamil Nadu.
The district, at its greatest length, reaches about 135 km from north to south with almost the same distance from east to west. It occupies the table land of Mysore, bordering the eastern ghats. The general plateau surface is interrupted by a hills and peaks of varying heights, particularly in the north. The principal chain of mountains is the Nandidurga range which runs north from Nandi towards Penukonda and Dharmavaram[disambiguation needed] of Andhra Pradesh. The rivers of the district are small and seasonal: Palar, Uttara Pinakini and Dakshina Pinakini are the important rivers which originate in the elevated regions.
The Kolar has its own transportation named "Antaragange Kolara Nagara Sarige" which was introduced by the deputy CM and home minister Ashok in July 2012.
The Narasapura Industrial Area is best for its infrastructure for deployment of motor vehicle factories such as Honda, Mahindra Aerospace, Volvo and More. Narasapura Industrial Area is approximately 20 km from Kolar and is connected to Bangalore Road via National Highway 4.
Most of the telecom operators have excellent network coverage in Kolar District. Except Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL), most of the operators have limited coverage in interior rural and forest areas.
Situated about 12km from Mulabagal this sacred place is famous as the ‘Gaya of the South’. The legend has it that the Ashram of Sage Valmiki, where the divine twins Lava and Kusa were born was located here.
The important temples here are those of Lord Ekanatha, Lord Ramaswamy, Lord Rameswara, Lord Lakshmaneswara, Lord Bharatheswara, Lord Shatrugneswara, Goddess Sita and Lord Subrahmanya. Atop a sacred hill here there is a holy tank called ‘Agni Tirtha’.