Karnadu means highland in Kannada. The name Karnataka was derived from it. Karnataka has a glorious heritage of more than 2000 years. The capital of Bali and Sugreeva of the Ramayana period is said to have been at Hampi in the district of Bellary. The Chandra Gupta Mauriya, first great emperor of India retired to Saravana Belogola. It is 90 km from Mysore and he become a Jain monk and gave up worldly possessions including his empire. His grandson Ashoka raised edicts carved on stone pillars in Raichur and Chitra Durga. The Satavahanas, the Gangas, the Chalukyas, the Rashtrakutas and the Hoysalas all built Stupas forts, palaces and temples encouraged art and poetry.
Vijayanagar and the Bhamani Empire were flourished here in the medieval age. TippuSultan of Mysore spread out the message of patriotism in every human being in the recent period. After the fall of Peshwa in 1818 AD and Tippu in 1799AD, Karnataka came under British rule. When India became independent, the united Mysore state was created in 1956 and was renamed Karnataka in 1973 on the basis of language. The state has a wonderful forest land, many waterfalls, wild life sanctuaries, a number of rivers and some wonderful sea beaches.
The Kodagu people live along the hills and valleys of Coorg in the Southern corner. They have their costumes quite different from those living in the rest of the state. Lingayats live in the north they were the followers of saint Basava. Along the coast live fisher folks whose forefathers have been plying boats for centuries and had contact with Mesopotamia and Greece even before Christianity arrived here. Kannada and Konkani are the languages spoken by this people. It was here that the early conversions to Christianity took place.
Because of its richness in the past it has been fought for and ruled over by mighty dynasties like the Kadambas, the Chalukyas, the Gangas and the Rashtrakutas. The last mentioned rulers carved out the massive Kailash temple out of solid rock at Ellora, now in Maharashtra.
It is a predominantly agricultural state. About 70% of the people live on farming here. About 56% of the land owned by the state is under cultivation. Major food crops are wheat, jawar, ragi, millets and pulses. It grows cash crops like sugar cane, spices, coffee, rubber, tea, cardamom, cotton, oilseeds, mulberry, pepper, oranges and grapes. The state is rich in mineral wealth too. Manganese, iron, copper, mica, bauxite, chromite and even gold are found here.
The major industry in the state is the sandal wood. From sandal wood, furniture, soap, oil, talcum powder, incense sticks are being produced. They have world market. Bangalore silk also attracts tourist attention. Hindustan Machine Tools, Hindustan Aeronautics and telephone industry are located in Karnataka. It is also now India’s Silicon Valley for computer software.
Bangalore is the capital of Karnataka. It is the fifth largest city of India and it is called as the ‘City of Gardens’. It is about 1000 meters above the sea level. one Vijayanagar chieftain laid its foundation. It is a leading industrial city with industries like aircraft, telephone, electronics etc. It is the 6th best garden city in the world. The climate is moderate. In British days bungalows were in large numbers in the city. There were wide roads, parks and roads. But now, because of the scarcity of accommodation bungalows are giving a way to multi-storied buildings. The culture is western and the people have adopted English as one of the spoken languages.
Pilgrim places of Karnataka
Narasimha temples are at the top and at the foot of the hill.
Shiva temple, Gomateshwara statue and a Jain temple centre.
Vishnu temple is at the top of the Yadavagiri Hill.
This temple is dedicated to Pandavas.
This temple is at Mysore on the top of the hill.
Sangameswara temple is here.
Gangadhara and Honna Devi temple are present here.
Adi Shankaracharya set up his first math here only.
Krishna temple and eight maths founded by Madhavacharya are present here.
Government museum, Cubbon Park, Venkatappa Art Gallery, Visveshwaraya industrial and technological museums are found in Bangalore. Archaeological museum, Bijapur, SriChamarajendra Art Gallery, Jagan Mohan Palace, Art and Archaeology museum in the University of Mysore, Folklore museum in the vertsity are all in Mysore; TipuSultan Museum is in the Srirangapatnam.
The area of this land is about 191791 Sq.km.
Karnataka is bounded by Maharashtra in the South and the Arabian Sea in the West.
The capital of Karnataka is Bangalore
The language spoken by the people are Kannada.
Bangalore, Hobli and Belgaum.
Important places to visit
This beautiful oasis, with bamboo trees around it, five Km away from the city, is a great joy for natural lovers. It has 300 acre of land and built in 1864 by the British viceroy. It has a museum and a public library. There is a toy train for children. Horse riding, Bal bhavan and a garden are also meant for them. The place has a large diamond shaped aquarium.
Kempe Gowda, the yelahanka tribe leader, built it in 1537 in mud. It was rebuilt by Hyder Ali in 1761 and renovated by his son Tepu. The fort was destroyed in his battle with the British, but Ganapathi temple is intact.
It was built by Kempe Gowda at Basavanagudi, this is a temple of Nandi to the South of Bangalore. This is 16th century’s oldest temple. It has been built on Dravidian architecture with granite and charcoal. There is an idol of Ganesh nearby.
Gangadhreswara cave temple
This temple was built by Kempe Gowda to N-W of Bull temple, it is a fine model of astronomical and architectural craftsmanship. It has 4 monolithic pillars on which this Shiva temple rests. There is an idol of Agni, the God of fire.
This is the oldest temple built by Nughal Killedar.
It is a 4-storeyed granite structure housing the state assembly hall and the secretariate. It was built in 1954. Huge doors of the cabinet Hall are made of sandal wood.
Durgah of Hazrat Tawakkal Mastan Shah Suhrawardi
This is a Muslim saints shrine. The famous Hindu festival Kangra is associated with it. When the procession passes through the city, it visits the shrine.
How to reach
The city is linked by air with Delhi, Mumbai, Goa, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Ahmadabad, Cochin, Coimbatore, Mangalore, Pune and Thiruvananthapuram.
The city has well connected rail track with all the important cities of India.
All national highways connect the city with country’s prominent cities. The state runs its own buses. Private bus operators run buses from the city to all the places in the state and the neighboring states.