Madhya Pradesh Information
Madhya Pradesh is the biggest Indian state. It is a plateau with the exception of Narmadha and Tapti river valleys. It is 500 meters above the sea level. The hills of the state are covered with dense forests which provide teak, sal, ebony and rose wood, one of the finest varieties in the world. Bamboo and magnificent fruit and flowering trees also grow in these forests. The state is rich in mineral wealth. It grows oilseeds, cotton, sugarcane and soyabean in a large quality.
The Satpura range of Mahadeo hills is the home for Indian, bison, tigers, panthers and a large variety of wild life. Records show that the state has the world’s earliest and developed civilization. Hundreds of the monuments found there point to the glory of the land that is Madhya Pradesh. It was known even in ancient period. Avanti has been named in many puranas.
The written history of Madhya Pradesh goes back to Emperor Ashoka’s time in the 3rdcentury BC who got a great Buddhist Stupa built at Sanchi. Ashoka ruled from Ujjain. A large chunk of central India was under the Gupta Empire [300-500AD] who came here in the 4th century AD. It was said to be the golden chapter of the history of the region. Guptas were defeated by the Huns. Earlier, singas drove Mauryas out from Madhya Pradesh. Chandella dynasty ruled over the region magnificently in the 9th century.
The temples at Khajuraho, the sand stone sculptures are famous over the world. Because of this gift to the nation. Although these temples remained hidden from the world for centuries, but today they are one of the most frequented tourist attractions in the country. In the 10th century, parmer kings ruled over the south west Madhya Pradesh. They were not only efficient and wise rulers but also great patrons of the art. Raja Bhoj was a wise man who gave Bhopal his name. To the south of Bhopal at Bhimbetke, the cave paintings of the Stone Age are there. Although neglected, they are worth seeing. The wonderful sculptural specimen of stupa at Sanchi reminds one of the era of Buddhism. Sanchi also has caves having idols of Hindus and Jains. Indore has a 57 feet high monolithic image of Gomateswar carved out of a single stone. It is the largest statue in the world.
The Muslims came to central India in the 11th century. Mahmud Gazni was the first to come. He was followed by Mohammed Gauri who usurped a part of central India. For a period Marathas were powerful rulers in the area. But they fought among themselves and soon many small states came into being which helped the British to annexe.
Some brave women of the state have carved out a name for themselves. Queen Ahilyabai Holkaro Indore, the Gaud Maharani Kamala Devi and Queen Durgawati were some of the women rulers who made history by their bravery. After independence Madhya Pradesh came into being in 1956.
The state is mainly habituated by the Aryans and aboriginal tribes. According to anthropologists, one million years ago before Christ, Stone Age man lived in the hills of the state. Even today around 40 % of tribals in India live in Madhya Pradesh. They use some 377 languages, although they know Hindi.
The main occupation of this state people is agriculture. About 75% of people are involving in this work. Around 18% of the land is under irrigation. Jowar, wheat, rice and gram are the food crops. Oilseeds, pulses, cotton, sugarcane and soyabean are the main commercial crops. Industry wise, it is well developed. It has Bharat Heavy Electrical Ltd; Bank Note Press and Security Paper Mills. Other industries located here are potteries, sugar mills, Straw board mills, textile machinery, steel castings, biscuit making, engineering tools, mini steel plants, chemical fertilizers, solvent extraction plants, rayon and artificial silk, handloom weaving and refractions.
The capital of Bhopal is Madhya Pradesh. It is called as the city of lake. It was founded by King Bhoj in the 11th century. He is said to have built three lakes by constructing a dam around which the city was developed. In the 16th century Dost MD Khan rebuilt it and made the present Bhopal. The Afghan Chief was the governor of the place and usurped the Kingdom from Mughals.
Bhopal has an altitude of 523 meter. Its climate varies. During summer it is hot, the temperature rising as high as 42c and in winter it stands around 35c. Two lakes are there in the centre of the city. On the bank of the small lake is the slum area and the modern city has been built on the bank of a big lake. It has green trees, tall buildings and clean and wide roads
Bhopal is a great centre of art and culture. It has an art gallery, Rupankar, auditorium, a large library theatres and museums. The famous multi art centre, Bharat Bhawan, was designed by the famous architect, Charles correa, in 1982. Bhopal is a modern city but its surrounding areas are full of ancient remains. Only 30 km from Bhopal there is Bhim Baithak where over 500 caves with single rock paintings have been found. The paintings are supposed to belong to the latter Stone Age period.
Madhya Pradesh Tourism
Cities, Towns and Religious Places
Balaghat, Bhind, Bhopal, Burhanpur, Dewas, Dhar, Guna, Gwalior, Hoshangabad, indore, Jabalpur, Katni, Khajuraho, Khandwa, mandla, Mandu, Morena, Panchmari, panna, Rajgarh, Rewa, Sanchi, Ujjain of Kumba Mela and associated with Ashoka, Guptas and Vikramadithya, Vidisha.
The area of this land is about 308000sq.km.
The density of this state is 196 per sq.km.
The capital of this state is Bhopal.
The language spoken by the people are Hindi.
Madhya Pradesh has Orissa and Bihar in the east; it has Rajasthan and Gujarat in the west, Uttar Pradesh in the north, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh in the South.
Airports are present in Bhopal, Indore, Jabalpur, Khajuraho and Gwalior.
State museum of Bhopal, Archaeological museum in Gwalior, central museum in Khajuraho, Archaeological museum, Sanchi and Vikram versity museum in Ujjain.
Panchamari Hill is about 1067 meters in Piparia.
It is a pilgrim centre for Jains. There is a 25 meter high statue of Baon Gajaji Jain carved out of a rock.
Rama stayed here for 11 years during his exile of 14 years. The place has also the Ashram of saint Atri and Sati Anusiya.
It has a Jain temple made of glass.
This place is mentioned in Ramayana and Mahabharata. The town has many temples on Narmada bank.
As many as 50 Jain temples are here.
It has one of the 12 Jyothirlinga.
It is a famous Buddhist centre.
Thousands of people attend the annual Magh Purnima festival.
The MahaKaleshwar temple here has one of the 12 Jyothirlingas. Kumbha fair is also held here.
How to reach
Bhopal is connected with Mumbai, Delhi, Gwalior, Indore, Jabalpur and Raipur. Indian Airlines, Sahara India and other airlines have regular services.
Rail links are with Amristar, Bangalore, Cochin, Delhi, Lucknow, Pune and Chennai.
Regular bus services are available from Indore, Mandu, Ujjain, Khajuraho, Pachmarhi, Gwalior, Sanchi, Jabalpur and Shivpuri.