Manipur is a place of jewelled land. This oval shaped state is natural in beauty of abundance. It is often said to be a little Paradise on the earth. Jawaharlal Nehru was so much impressed by its beauty that he called it as the Kashmir of the East. It has blue greenish hills with flower gardens, rivers and streams at the foot and the canopy of the blue sky over head.
Manipur is mentioned in the Mahabharat. It was also called as Manlur and sometimes as Manyur. Princess Chitraganda, wife of Arjuna was the daughter of Manipur. Manipur was an independent state for long, but after 1819-1826 war it became a part of the British India. It became the part of Indian union with the freedom in 1947. Manipur became a category state in 1956 and a full fledged state on January 21, 1972.
Manipur dance is a world famous one. Rash festival is a national festival to pay tributes to lord Sri Govindaji. Another social festival is Lai Haroba in April- May on harvesting. Then there is 10 day Holkonga or spring festival in Phalgun. The state has its chief game as polo. In fact it is originated from here only.
The area of this land is about 22327sq.km.
The density area of this land is about 107 per sq.km.
69% of this state people are educated.
The capital of this state is Imphal.
The languages spoken by the people are Manipuri and English.
Manipur is surrounded in the north by Nagaland, Myanmar in the east and south, Mizoram in the south east and Assam in the west.
Two national highways pass through Manipur for 437.67 nearly. The state has 5861km of roads with in the state as on March 21, 1993.
Nearly 66% of the people lead their life on agriculture. A large part of the land is hilly and covered with forests. Wheat and paddy are the major crops. Maize is also grown here.
The state has no large industry. Handloom weaving is the largest single cotton industry. Other industries are bamboo, agriculture, sericulture, cane goods, carpentry, black smithy, leather articles, edible oil crushing, rice milling, gur and Khandsari.
This Imphal has an altitude of 790 meter and it is a mini metropolis city. The word Imphal means collection of houses. It is one of the oldest Indian cities. It was born in 33AD.
How to reach
Imphal airport is connected with Kolkata, Dimapur and silchar.
Dimapur is the nearest railhead. It is about 225 km.
Buses are connected with Guwahati and Silchar.
Important places to visit
This temple is 2km away from the former Rulers palace. It is a beautiful golden structure with twin gold domes. There are idols of Balram, Krishna and Jegannath. There is a daily performance of dance on the Krishna theme- Rashila.
It is present in the centre of the city. This market is of special interest. It is run by women.
Manipur state museum
Near the Pola ground it houses, it houses Manipur’s tribal village heritage and portraits of former rulers as also costumes, arms and weapons.
This place has mortal remains of British and Indian army men lain on the Imphal- Dimapur road.
This is the biggest fresh water lake in north east India. It is 64sq.km long. Shooting, boating and fishing arrangements are available here. Migratory birds visit the lake during November- March.
This town is on the west bank of Loktak Lake on the Indo-Burma road. A special art of dance on immortal love ballad has originated from the palace. It has an ancient temple of Hindu deity.
This is a beautiful island on the western side of the Loktak Lake.
It is a wonderful hillock, 1000 feet high and a sacred Hindu palace.
This is the only floating national park in the world. It became the Sanctuary in 1906 and in 1977 the national park. It is about 53 km from Imphal. It is a natural habitate of marsh dwelling deer.
This is a tall tower at Bir Tikendrajit Park is a tribute to Manipuri Martyrs who fought against the Britishin 1891 AD.
Important festivals of the state are Dol-Jatra, Lai Haraoba, Heikru Hitongba Rasa leela, Cheiraoba, Ningol Chak- Kouba, Rath Jatra, Kut, Lui-Ngai-Ni, Gang-Ngai, Idul-Fitre and Christmas.
The Manipuri dance is a world famous one. It is marked by graceful and restrained movements and delicate gestures. It is a combination of traditions and culture, represented by its dance. The Lai Haraoda dance is celebrated between April and May after the harvest season. The Rass Leela and dances depict the Leelas of Lord Krishna as a child. The tribal dances express their love, creativity and aestheticism.