Mi means man, Zo means for hill and Ram stands for country. Thus Mizo means human dweller of the hill and Mizoram means the land of the hill dwellers.
The Lushai Hills were sandwitched between Myanmar in the east and south, Bangladesh in the west. It was named as Mizoram when it became a Union Territory in 1972. It became a full fledged state on February 20 1987. It is the 23rd state of the Indian union by a constitution amendment in 1986.
After being annexed by the British in 1891, Lushai Hills remained under Assam for a few years, and the southern part under Bengal. Then the both were amalgamated and became a Union Territory and finally a separate state.
Mizoram inhabitates some amount of tribal people. Lu communities from shun province of Burma migrated to China Hill of the western frontier in the early 18th century. They extended their habitates further west with the span of the time. Lu Se became Lu Sai later. They are the descendants of Mongolians.
The Mizos have been converted into the Christianity by the British missionaries in the 19th century. Mizo language was introduced by the Britishers to the Mizo people. They were well behaved, cultured and westernized. The capital Aizwal is a picturesque town. It was built in tiers along the hill. Ai means fruit and the zawl means garden. The capital of the new state is located on the fruit garden. Aizwal is a small hill city. It is situated on the valley of Tiawng and Tuirial rivers, is spread from the stepwise. It is about 1132 meters high up down to the earth at hundreds of slopes and wide span of steps. The valleys of the north east area are hot and wet during the summer, but up in the hills it is pleasant and cool. The south of Aizwal is the idyllic town of Lungki set in a beautiful forest area. In between Aizwal and Lungki is the serchhip village.
The area of this land is about 21081 sqkm.
The density of this land is about 42 per sq.km.
About 89% of the people are literates.
The capital of this state is Aizwal.
The language spoken by the people are Mizo and English.
Mizoram lies between the Bangladesh and Myanmar. Tripura, Assam and Manipur borders are on the north.
The total length of the road is 4787km.
The airport is present in Dimapur.
How to reach
Aizwal is connected by air with Kolkata and Guwahati.
Silchar is the nearest railhead. It is about 180 Km away from here.
The bus journey from Silchar to Aizwal takes about six hours. The Mizoram state transport buses ply between Aizwal and Silchar daily. It also provides goods carriages on hire.
Important places to visit
Mizoram state museum
This museum houses a rare and exquisite collection of art facts of the state on Mc Donald Hill.
Dingdi Art Gallery
It has a large collection of masterpieces of Mizoram art.
Bung is a beautiful picnic spot at the top of the hill. It is 15km from the capital.
This is a quiet picnic spot and recreational spot.
It is a natural lake near Saitual village. This 85 km from the city,in the midst of cool virgin forestand an ideal picnic spot. It has boating facilities and accommodation at the tourist lodge at Saitual-only 7km away.
This lake is about 110 km. It is a deep green island with clean waters around.
This is about 137 km. It is the largest and highest waterfall of Mizoram. The fall is about 750 feet. It is highly surrounded by a lush green bamboo forest.
It is a holy place for pilgrims. This is about 180 km.
This offers a cool climate and a beautiful view of hills. It is about 204 km.
This is a lovely town with cool and pleasant climate and a beautiful peaceful atmosphere.
This sanctuary was established in 1976. The North West tip of the sanctuary is fully covered with bamboos. Swamp deer inhabits the lower areas. Tiger, leopard, elephant and hoolock gibbon are among the mammal species are seen here. Accomodation is available in government rest house.
Mizos are basically agriculturists. All their activities revolve around cultivation and their festivals are connected with farm operations. Among many festivals, Chapchar Kut or Spring jungle clearing for ‘Jhum’ operations. On that day, people of all ages, young and old, men and women were dressed in their colorful costumes and head gears. They assemble and perform folkdances, sing traditional songs accompanied by the beating of drums, gongs and cymbals.