Nagaland is the home of a variety of Tibeto-Burmese tribes. The people of this state spoke at least two dozen dialects. Their presence was known first in the 10th century BC. In Sanskrit literature they have been described as Kiratas or hillmen. Nagaland has an area of 17000sq.km and a population of more than 10 lakh. It is a narrow strip of mountain territory. In Mahabharat there is a mention that Arjun, the third Pandava, married Ulupy, a Naga girl. Nagaland was under Manipur before annexation of it by the Britishers. The people of this state are more pro-British than Pro-India. The rebels declared independence in September 1954, but Indian Army crushed the rebellion and a separate administration was introduced in 1957. Nagaland became the 16th state of the Indian union on August 28.
Nagaland is known for grayish blue mountains, a variety of flowers, orchids, ornaments and the colorful dresses its inhabitants wear. Feathers, ivory, pig’s teeth and bamboo are used to make fashionable bangles. Nagas prefer necklaces of stones also. Each tribe has its own color and patterns woven in shawls.
Nagas are fond of music and dance with rhythm. The houses are single storeyed, surrounded by stone walls. They are generally printed white. Each house is adorned with seasonal flowers at the narrow entrance. Entry point is only one.
The height of the state varies from 2000 to 10000feet. The villages are scattered all over hill top. People are Christians and there are churches in every village. The 85% of the population in the state depends for livelihood on agriculture. Rice is the principal food grain grown here. About 18% of the land is forest area. Clay, coal, glass, limestone and sand are the minerals found in the state. Handloom and sericulture are the important cottage industries.
The area of this land is about 16579 sq.km.
The density of this land is about 120 per sq.km.
The capital of this state is Kohima.
Educated people of this state are 68%.
The languages spoken by the people are Chang, Sangram, Konyak, Angami, Sema and Lotha, Assamese.
This state is surrounded by Arunachal Pradesh in the north, Manipur in the south, Myanmar in the east and Assam in the west.
The airport is present in Dimapur.
Kohima hill station has an altitude of 1495m and was built by the Britishers in the 19thcentury. The place was in the news when Azad Hind Fauj started struggle for liberation with the help0 of Nagas and the Japanese. It is a small town, spread over 8km. It’s bazaar has single storey wooden houses on both sides. Business men arte Nagas, from Bengal, Manipuri and Punjabis.
Nagas relish meat of snake, monkeys and frogs. They prefer wine of rice bran or honey for drinking and eat the inner part of the bamboo.
How to reach
Dimapur airport is connected with Delhi and Kolkata.
The state transport department runs regular buses from Dimapur to Guwahati and Shillong.
Important places to Visit in Nagaland
This memorial was raised in honour of those who sacrificed their lives during the second world war, with the famous inscription that ‘When you go home, tell them of us and say that for your tomorrow, we gave our today.’
This museum is about 2km from the town. It exhibits clay models made by artists and provide an insight on Naga culture, folk love and social life.
This is a very big church in the north east of Aradura. It has the biggest cross made of wood.
This is very close to the Myanmar border. It was set up in 1983 at an altitude of 300m. It has animals and birds.
Dimapur is an entry point for Nagaland, at an altitude of 195m. It is 75 km away from here. It is a beautiful hill station and a commercial centre.
Khanoma’s gate tell us the story of the British infiltration into the NagaHills.
This valley is at an altitude of 24538m, it is a trekking spot. It is covered with tough bamboo brush.
It is a place for sealing and trekking. It offers a panoramic view of Kohima from its 3043 meter altitude.
Intaki Wild life Sanctuary
This is about 110km from the Kohima. This sanctuary has baboons and gibbons. Besides, there are tigers, elephants, sambars, bears, flying squirrels, etc.