National Parks in India
National Parks are our nature which saves our future. These parks are conserving a nation’s unique flora and fauna. It is a distinct scenic and wild life heritage for our future generations. It gives indigenous natural environment and beauty by having rich plants and animal species.
Each and every country has its own national parks which protect a number of species. Till 1970, India had only five national parks. New laws were passed in the 1970s and 1980s to protect wildlife and the environment. As a result of these laws many more national parks were established.
India’s first national park was established in 1936. The name of this park is Hailey National park. It has been renamed as Jim Corbett National park now.
Nature should not be disturbed and we can see animals in their natural surroundings. So IUCN (ie) International union for the conservation of Nature recognizes the regulatory body of these parks. There are more than 6500 national parks in the world today due to the effort of IUCN. The first national park to be established was the Yellowstone national park in the USA. It was declared as a national park in 1872. The Northeast Greenland National Park is the largest national park in the world.
The government of India had launched this project of Tiger in 1973. This project was started to protect and conserve tigers and then to prevent our biological importance and national heritage.
Second largest Biodiversity
India has the second largest biodiversity base in the world. The wildlife sanctuaries and national parks are home to the largest number of tigers and one horned rhinoceros in the world. The Asiatic extinct lion is in a large percentage of the total elephant’s population.
To ensure the long term survival of the elephant population in their natural habitats, this project elephant system was launched in 1992. Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal are the states in which the project is being implemented at present.