Baran district is carved out of the erstwhile kota district. Baran district derives its name from Baran town the district head quarters. It is interesting to note that “Baran” in Urdu means rain and Baran district has the second highest rainfall in the state, next only to Banswara. In 1948, joint Rajasthan was formed and at that time Baran was one of the districts in the joint Rajasthan. On March 31, 1949, Rajasthan was reconstituted and the Baran district headquarters was converted into sub division headquarters of Kota district. Baran was carved out of erstwhile Kota district on April 10, 1991. The district got the name from the town Baran which is also the districts' headquarters.
Before the Indian independence in 1947, most of the present-day Baran district was part of the princely state of Kota, although Shahabad tehsil was a discontinuous portion of Jhalawar princely state, and Chhabra tehsil was a discontinuous portion of Tonk princely state In the year 1948, joint Rajasthan was formed and that time Baran was one of the districts in the joint Rajasthan. On 31 March 1949, Rajasthan was reconstituted and that time Baran district headquarters was converted into Sub Division headquarters of Kota district.
District Baran was carved out of erstwhile Kota District on 10 April 1991. The district got the name from the City Baran which is also the district hqts. District comes under parliamentary constituency Jhalawar-Baran and divided in four assembly constutuencies namely Anta, Kishanganj, Baran-Atru & Chhabra. The total area of the District is 6992 km2. out of which only 82.18 km is urban. The total forest area in the district is 2.17 Lacs Hect. The total population of the district is around 1,22,3921 (MALE-635495 & FEMALE-588426)roughly equal to the nation of Trinidad and Tobago or the US state of New Hampshire.This gives it a ranking of 389th in India (out of a total of 640); Sex Ratio (No. of Females per 1000 Males)926; Population density per Sq. Km 175(Census 2011). Main dialect is Hadoti language. The district Headquarters. The District has a tremendous scope for the rapid industrialisation, especially among agro-based industries. There are eight tehsils in the district, namely Baran, Anta, Atru, Mangrol, Chhabra, Chhipabarod, Kishanganj & Shahabad. BARAN is Municipal Council (NAGAR PARISHAD) after Rajasthan Budget-2012 .
Baran city was under Solanki Rajputs in the 14th -15th century. It is not exactly known that when the main town of the twelve villages under Solanki's was being named as 'Baran'. There are several thoughts for it, like some says since it was formed by twelve villages so it is called 'Baran', others says since the city was built by the 12 nearby villagers so it is named as 'Baran'. There are also saying that since the soils of the area are mostly 'Barani' so it is called 'Baran'. In the year 1948, joint Rajasthan was formed and that time Baran was one of the districts in the joint Rajasthan. On 31 March' 1949, Rajasthan was reconstituted and that time Baran district headquarters was converted into Sub Division headquarters of Kota district. It is also worth noting that "Baran" in Urdu means "rain" and no wonder that Baran has the second highest rainfall in the state after Banswara district.
Before Indian independence in 1947, most of present-day Baran District was part of the princely state of Kota, although Shahabad tehsil was a discontinuous portion of Jhalawar princely state, and Chhabra tehsil was a discontinuous portion of Tonk princely state. After Indian independence, The rulers of the princely states acceded to the Government of India, and the present-day Baran District was made part of Kota District. Baran District was carved out of Kota District on April 10, 1991.
The City has a dry climate except in the monsoon seasons. The winter season runs from mid of November to February and summer season runs from March to mid of June. The period from mid of June to September is the monsoon season followed by the months October to mid of November constitutes the post monsoon or the retreating monsoon. The average rainfall in the district is 895.2mm. January is the coldest month with the average daily maximum temperature of 24.3'C and the average daily minimum temperature of 10.6'C.
Best climate to visit
Best climate to visit the district is between September to March. The district is well connected with rail & road network. The Computerised reservation facility is available at Railway station in Baran city. ATM facilties and all Mobile Networks GSM and CDMA are available in the district
The nearest major airports are located at Jaipur International Airport, Udaipur Airport, and Jodhpur Airport. These airports connect Rajasthan with the major cities of India such as Delhi and Mumbai. There are two other airports in Kota and Jaisalmer, but are not open for commercial/civilian flights yet.
The city is connected with neighbouring districts and with major cities outside the state. National Highway No.76(now National Highway No. 27) passes through the district. National Highway No.76(now National Highway No. 27) is a part of East-West Corridor. The total road length in the district is 2,052 km. as of March 2011. direct bus available from new delhi, jaipur, kota, ajmer, jodhpur, udaipur, indore, ujjain,
Distance from major cities
Kota - 72 km*Jaipur - 318 km*Delhi - 569 km*Mumbai - 992 km
Udaipur- 342 km*Ajmer - 273 km*Jodhpur- 451 km*Bikaner 506 km*Shivpuri- 160 km*Gwalior 260 km*Jhansi 258 km
Baran station is situated on Kota-Bina section of Western Central Railways. It is about 67 km from Kota Junction. Computerised Reservation facility at Baran station is available.
The district is less crowed and attracts tourists seeking destinations off the beaten track. The forests of Baran harbour temple ruins and abandoned fortresses, while the wooded hills and valley here provide shelter to a large variety of wildlife.
Brahmani Mataji Temple (20km)
Located within an old fort near Soran, the idol of the presiding deity Brahmani Mata is situated under a large natural rock in the cave. Akhand Jyothi the uninterrupted oil lamp is one of the prime attractions here. A large fair is held here during which animals such as donkey and kacchar are traded.
The ruins here inside the dense forest area reflect the luxury and grace of the past.
Bhand Deora (110km)
Located on the Kota Baran Shivpuri road, the architecturally rich temple here is said to be the Khajuraho of Rajasthan.
Garhgacch (110 km)
The temples of red Sandstone here were built between the 9th and 13th century.
A beautiful picnic spot, the major attraction here is the perennial water stream from the ‘gaumukh’ in the mountains.
A small town on the banks of the Parvan River, this old township is doted with ancient temples. Situated 65km north east of Jhalawar, the main attractions here are a huge idol of Lord Ganesh and a Shivlinga dating back to the 8th century. The remains of Bhimgarh Fort, built by Raja Bhim Deo, which lies on the other side of the Parvan River, is also worth visiting.
A beautiful picnic spot, this holy place of worship is situated just a kilometre from Kelwara on the Kota-Shivpuri Route. It is believed that Sita lived in this place after being abandoned by Lord Ram. The place is also known as the birth-place of Lava-Kusha. Major points of attraction here are the ancient temples dedicated to Sita, Lakshman and seven water tanks namely Balmiki Kund, Sita Kund, Laxman Kund, Surya Kund and Lava Kusha Kund.
Shahabad Fort (80km)
This ancient fort was built by Chauhan Vanshi Dhandhel Rajput Mukutmani Dev in 1521. Situated amidst dense forests on high mountain ranges in Baran District, the fort houses a Topkhana (artillery) and the Burudkhana Temple. Surrounded by Kundakoh valley on two sides, the fort had 18 cannons earlier one of them nearly 19ft long. A pond and high mountains can be found on the other two sides.
Shahi Jama Masjid of Shahabad (80km)
Built during the reign of the Mughal emperor Aurangazeb, this mosque is noted for its magnificent pillars and ‘mehreb’ which attracts large number of tourists.
Tapasvlyo ki Bagechi
A popular tourist spot about a kilometre from Shahabad, the main attractions here are the large statues of Shivling and Nadiya. The place is surrounded by beautiful mountains and is rich in natural beauty.
How to get there
Kota airport, 87km away, is the nearest airport but for regular air services, Jaipur is the nearest airport. Baran lies on National Highway 12 and has a good network of roads linking it with other parts of the state.