Bharatpur is one of the important cities in Rajasthan. It is located in the Brij region and was the capital of the Jat kingdom. Bharatpur is situated 55km west of the city of Agra and 35km from Mathura.
Bharatpur is altitude at 27.22°N 77.48°E. It has an average elevation of 183 metres (600 feet). Bharatpur is also known as Lohagarh and Eastern Gateway to Rajasthan.
Bharatpur is history of this region dates back to the epic age, when the Matsya Kingdom flourished here in the 5th century BC. According to tradition the name of Bharatpur is traced to Bharat, the brother of Lord Rama of Ayodhya as laxman (his other brother) was worshipped as the family deity by the Bharatpur rulers.
Known as the Eastern Gateway of Rajasthan, Bharatpur city was founded by Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1733. It was once an impregnable fortified city of the Mewat region. Today, the district is known the world over for its famous Keoladeo Ghana National Park.
Bharatpur Palace is a fine fusion of Mughal and Rajputs architecture, this palace was built in phases by various Maharajas. The magnificent apartments are richly decorated with pattered floor tiles having exquisite and intricate designs. The museum occupies the main central wing displaying collections dating back to the 2nd century which demonstrates the art and skill of the region.
Government Museum is housed in the ‘Kamra Khas’ within the fort and exhibits rich collections of antiques, exquisite sculptures and ancient inscriptions.
Maharaja Balwant Singh started the construction of this big temple in 1854. The construction was carried out by a unique method, where all persons employed in the service of the state were asked to donate one month’s salary of their service or any raise in pay towards the shrine. The temple is a beautiful piece of architecture.
Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burhj
These monuments inside the fort were built by Surajmal to commemorate the victories over the Mughals and British.
Keoladeo Ghana National Park
Keoladeo Ghana National Park is one of the finest water bird sanctuaries in the world, Keoladeo Ghana was created in the 19th century on a 28 sq km lake and wet land, by the Maharaja of Bharatpur. Then a wild fowl shooting preserve, the sanctuary gained national park status in 1982 and was declared a Word Heritage Site in 1985. Also known as Baratpur Bird Sanctuary, Keoladeo Ghana serves as one of the two wintering grounds for the endangered Siberian cranes.
This place is best suited for bird watching, as the park holds more than 300 species of avian population. Around the bird sanctuary is a forest which has sambar, chital, nilgai and hyena. The park is open throughout the year and the breeding season is from August through October. Migrant birds arrive here from Europe, Siberia, China and Tibet from October to February. Forest rest-houses offer accommodation.
Laxman Mandir temple is famous for its beautiful stone work with elaborate carvings that adorn the doorways, ceilings, pillars, walls and arches. The temple is dedicated to Laxman, brother of Lord Rama.
Lohagarh (Iron Fort)
Distincity different from the other forts I Rajasthan, Lohagarh is devoid of all flamboyance, but radiates an aura of strength and magnificence. The fort is surrounded by a moat, which was filled with water to ward off enemy attacks. The interesting monuments in the fort are the Kishori Mahal, Mahal Khas, Moti Mahal and Kothi Khas. Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj inside the fort were built by Suraj Mal to commemorate the victories over the Mughals and the British.
In 1526 AD, the Mughal emperor Babar described it as one of the most famous forts in India. Ain-I-Akbari mentions that in former times Bayana was the capital of a province of which Agra was a dependant village. Emperor Akbar witnessed a march past of his troops form a place near Bayana town known as “Chardare” which has the inscription on it. The noble and litterateur of Mughals court, Mir Mohammed Museum, engraved this. Its old name was said to be Sripatha and finds a mention in the travelogue of Hieun Tsang the Chinese traveller.
Bandh Baretha (650km)
Built across the “Kakund” River, the foundation stone of the old dam here was laid in 1866 by Maharaja Jaswant Singh and completed in 1897-88 durng Maharaja Ram Singh’s period.
Deeg Palace (34km north)
The erstwhile summer resort of the rulers of Bharatpur, Deeg was built by Surajmal in mid 18th century and was the second cap8tal of the region. The town has massive fortifications, beautiful gardens, magnificent palaces and a colourful bazaar. Steeped in history it is the site of the famous battle in which the Bharatpur Maharaja’s forces withstood a combined Mughal and Maratha army of about 80,000 men. Major tourist attraction is the Deeg Fort constructed during the reign of Surajmal in 1730. Other places of tourist interest in and around the city include the 14th century tomb of Tarang Sultan, a picturesque lake, a museum and several ancient mosques.
A very old town in the north of Bharatpur, it is sacred to the Hindus.
How to reach there
Bharatpur nearest airport is at Agra (54km). It is easily accessible by rail and road from any part of the state.